andromedotoxin
A strongly emetic active principle obtained from several species of Andromeda and Rhododendron (family Ericaceae); it is a cardiac poison, first stimulating and then paralyzing the vagus; it also paralyzes the motor nerve ends in striated muscle.

* * *

an·drom·e·do·tox·in an-.dräm-əd-(.)ō-'täk-sən n a toxic compound C31H50O10 found in various plants (as members of the genus Andromeda) of the heath family (Ericaceae) that lowers the blood pressure of animals when taken in small doses

* * *

an·drom·e·do·tox·in (an-dromґə-do-tok″sin) [Andromeda + toxin] a poisonous crystalline principle found in plants such as species of Andromeda, Azalea, Kalmia, and Rhododendron. In sheep and other livestock that graze on the plants, it causes salivation, nasal discharge, emesis, and central nervous system symptoms that may include paralysis, coma, and death. Called also acetylandromedol and grayanotoxin.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Andromedotoxīn — (Asebotoxin) C31H50O10 scheint der wirksame Stoff aller giftigen Erikazeen zu sein. Auch der giftige Honig von Trapezunt (Xenophons Anabasis) enthielt wohl A. Es wird aus Blättern von Rhododendron ponticum dargestellt, bildet farblose Nadeln,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • andromedotoxin — an·drom·edo·tox·in …   English syllables

  • andromedotoxin —   n. a poisonous substance extracted from plants of the heath family and used in medicine to lower high blood pressure …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • andromedotoxin — an|drämə(ˌ)dōˈtäksə̇n noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary andromed (from New Latin Andromeda) + o + toxin; originally formed in German : a toxic crystalline compound C31H50O10 that exists in various ericaceous plants (as members… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pontischer Honig — oder Tollhonig bzw. Giftiger Honig oder auch Türkischer Wildhonig (englisch auch bitter honey Bitterer Honig oder mad honey Verrückter Honig[1]) ist ein Bienenhonig mit einem hohen Anteilen giftiger Wirkstoffe aus dem Pollen und Nektar von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • andromeda — an·drom·e·da an dräm əd ə n 1) cap a small genus of low evergreen boreal or arctic shrubs of the heath family (Ericaceae) having drooping white or pinkish flowers in terminal umbels and including several that are sources of andromedotoxin 2) any… …   Medical dictionary

  • Kalmia latifolia — For the Texas Mountain Laurel, see Calia secundiflora. For the Australian Mountain Laurel, see Cryptocarya nova anglica. Kalmia latifolia Kalmia latifolia flowers Scientific classification …   Wikipedia

  • Grayanotoxin — is a toxin found in rhododendrons and other plants of the family Ericaceae . It can be found in honey made from their nectar and cause a very rare poisonous reaction called grayanotoxin poisoning, honey intoxication, or rhododendron poisoning.… …   Wikipedia

  • Almenrausch — Bewimperte Alpenrose Bewimperte Alpenrose (Rhododendron hirsutum) Systematik Ordnung: Heidekrautartige (Ericales) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Almrausch — Bewimperte Alpenrose Bewimperte Alpenrose (Rhododendron hirsutum) Systematik Ordnung: Heidekrautartige (Ericales) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”