- 1. Any response emitted by or elicited from an organism. 2. Any mental or motor act or activity. 3. Specifically, parts of a total response pattern. [M.E., fr. O. Fr. avoir, to have]- appetitive b. movement of an organism toward a certain type of stimulus, such as food. Cf.:aversive b..- aversive b. movement of an organism away from a certain type of stimulus, such as electric shock. Cf.:appetitive b..- health b. combination of knowledge, practices, and attitudes that together contribute to motivate the actions we take regarding health.- hookean b. the b. of a perfectly elastic body; i.e., the strain is directly proportional to the stress. SEE ALSO: Hooke law.- molar b. in psychology, b. described in large response units rather than smaller ones. Cf.:molecular b..- molecular b. in psychology, b. described in small response units rather than larger ones; a specific response. Cf.:molar b..- operant b. b. whose continuation and frequency is determined by its consequences on the doer; central element of behavioral conditioning theory. See conditioning.- passive-aggressive b. apparently compliant b., with intrinsic obstructive or stubborn qualities, to cover deeply felt aggressive feelings that cannot be more directly expressed.- respondent b. b. in response to a specific stimulus; usually associated with classical conditioning. See conditioning.- ritualistic b. automatic b. of psychogenic or cultural origin.- type A b. a b. pattern characterized by aggressiveness, ambitiousness, restlessness, and a strong sense of time urgency. New research has revealed that it is hostility, which can be commingled with other type A traits, that is associated with increased risk for coronary heart disease.
* * *be·hav·ior or chiefly Brit be·hav·iour bi-'hā-vyər n1) the manner of conducting oneself2 a) anything that an organism does involving action and response to stimulationb) the response of an individual, group, or species to its environmentbe·hav·ior·al or chiefly Brit be·hav·iour·al -vyə-rəl adjbe·hav·ior·al·ly or chiefly Brit be·hav·iour·al·ly -rə-lē adv
* * *be·hav·ior (be-hāvґyər) deportment or conduct; any or all of a person's total activity, especially that which can be externally observed. behavioral adj
Medical dictionary. 2011.