Ecstasy
An illicit (illegal) drug, considered a recreational or party drug. It acts as both a stimulant and a hallucinogen. The chemical name is methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). Ecstasy damages the brain, perhaps by affecting serotonin. German researchers studied 28 ecstasy users (who had used the drug an average of 3.5 times a month for about 2 years) and found they performed significantly worse on tests of memory, learning, and general intelligence than nondrug users and than pot smokers. (Ref.: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 2000;68:719-725). Ecstasy achieves its high by preventing the brain from reabsorbing the chemical serotonin, thereby prolonging its effects in the body. One study of ecstasy users has shown that they have fewer serotonin "transporters" in the brain; whether the damage is reversible is unknown. Ecstasy is also considered a "possible" teratogen, an agent that can disturb the development of the embryo or fetus. Teratogens halt the pregnancy or produce a congenital malformation. British researchers have reported that of 136 pregnancies during which the mothers took Ecstasy, 78 babies were born alive and of these, 15.4% had birth defects including clubfoot, skull defects, toe malformations and two cases of congenital heart defects. By comparison, the malformation rate for pregnant women in the general population is about 3%. This study was not large enough to prove a link between Ecstasy and birth defects, but these findings are good evidence that Ecstasy should be completely avoided by pregnant women. (Ref.: Lancet 1999;354:1441-1442.)
* * *
Mental exaltation, and/or a rapturous experience. [G. ekstasis, astonishment]

* * *

ec·sta·sy 'ek-stə-sē n, pl -sies
1) a trance state in which intense absorption (as in religious ideation) is accompanied by loss of sense perception and voluntary control
2) often cap a synthetic amphetamine analog C11H15NO2 used illicitly for its mood-enhancing and hallucinogenic properties called also MDMA, methylenedioxymethamphetamine, XTC
ec·stat·ic ek-'stat-ik adj

* * *

n.
the street name for methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), a mildly hallucinogenic drug that generates feelings of euphoria in those who take it. Its most common side-effect is hyperthermia; drinking large quantities of water to combat the intense thirst produced by taking the drug may result in fatal damage to the body's fluid balance. Its manufacture, sale, use, and possession are illegal.

* * *

Ec·sta·sy (ekґstə-se) popular name for 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ecstasy — may mean: * MDMA or Methylenedioxymethamphetamine, a psychedelic drug sold under the street name ecstasy . * Ecstasy (emotion), a trance or trance like state in which an individual transcends normal consciousness * Religious ecstasy, a changed… …   Wikipedia

  • Ecstasy — wird gewöhnlich in Tablettenform verkauft Ecstasy, auch XTC u. a., ist die Sammelbezeichnung für eine Vielzahl von Phenylethylaminen; im Idealfall allein für MDMA (rac 3,4 Methylendioxy N methylamphetamin), ein entaktogenes Amphetamin. Ecstasy… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ecstasy — • Offers details of false views Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Ecstasy     Ecstasy     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • ecstasy — n Ecstasy, rapture, transport denote a feeling or a state of intense, sometimes excessive or extreme, mental and emotional exaltation. Ecstasy in its earlier sense, which is now found chiefly in religious and poetical writings, implies a… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • ECSTASY — ECSTASY, from Greek ekstasis, displacement, movement outwards, distraction of mind, drunken excitement, entrancement, or secondarily, astonishment. (See Mark 5:42.) In Greek religion two fundamental types of ecstasy, dionysiac and contemplative,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ecstasy — [ ɛkstazi ] n. f. • v. 1988; mot angl., proprt « extase » ♦ Drogue dérivée de l amphétamine, utilisée pour son effet désinhibiteur. ⇒ 2. x,anglic. Être sous ecstasy (ou être ecstasié ). Abrév. ECSTA . ● ecstasy nom masculin ou nom féminin …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ecstasy — Ec sta*sy, n.; pl. {Ecstasies}. [F. extase, L. ecstasis, fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to put out of place, derange; ? = ek out + ? to set, stand. See {Ex }, and {Stand}.] [Also written {extasy}.] 1. The state of being beside one s self or rapt out of one s… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ecstasy — [ek′stə sē] n. pl. ecstasies [ME & OFr extasie < LL(Ec) ecstasis < Gr ekstasis, a being put out of its place, distraction, trance < ek , out + histanai, to set: see STAND] 1. a state of being overpowered by emotion, as by joy, grief, or… …   English World dictionary

  • Ecstasy — Ec sta*sy, v. t. To fill ecstasy, or with rapture or enthusiasm. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] The most ecstasied order of holy . . . spirits. Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ecstasy — is not the same experience as a vision or a dream [[➝ dreams]]; it is an awareness of being taken up outside oneself, and there are only a few such mystical moments recorded in the Bible. One is by Paul in 2 Cor. 12:2, when he mentions ‘a person… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • ecstasy — late 14c., in a frenzy or stupor, fearful, excited, from O.Fr. estaise ecstasy, rapture, from L.L. extasis, from Gk. ekstasis entrancement, astonishment; any displacement, in NT a trance, from existanai displace, put out of place, also drive out… …   Etymology dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”