hypertrophy
General increase in bulk of a part or organ, not due to tumor formation. Use of the term may be restricted to denote greater bulk through increase in size, but not in number, of cells or other individual tissue elements. Cf.:hyperplasia. SYN: hypertrophia. [hyper- + G. trophe, nourishment]
- adaptive h. thickening of the walls of a hollow organ, like the urinary bladder, when there is obstruction to outflow.
- benign prostatic h. erroneous term that is often considered a synonym of nodular hyperplasia of prostate.
- compensatory h. increase in size of an organ or part of an organ or tissue, when called upon to do additional work or perform the work of destroyed tissue or of a paired organ.
- compensatory h. of the heart thickening of the walls of the heart in response to vascular, valvular, other heart disease, or athletic conditioning.
- complementary h. increase in size or expansion of part of an organ or tissue to fill the space left by the destruction of another portion of the same organ or tissue.
- concentric h. thickening of the walls of the heart or any cavity with apparent diminution of the capacity of the cavity.
- eccentric h. thickening of the wall of the heart or other cavity, with dilation.
- endemic h. enlargement of the calcaneus preceded by fever and pain in the heel, reported from the Gold Coast (now Ghana) and in Taiwan among the indigenous population.
- false h. SYN: pseudohypertrophy.
- functional h. SYN: physiologic h..
- giant h. of gastric mucosa SYN: Ménétrier disease.
- hemangiectatic h. SYN: Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome.
- lipomatous h. SYN: lipomatous infiltration.
- numerical h. SYN: hyperplasia.
- physiologic h. temporary increase in size of an organ or part to provide for a natural increase of function, such as the kind that occurs in the walls of the uterus and in the mammae during pregnancy. SYN: functional h..
- quantitative h. SYN: hyperplasia.
- simple h. increase in size of cells.
- simulated h. increased size of a part due to continued growth unrestrained by attritions, as is seen in the case of the teeth of certain animals when the opposing teeth have been destroyed.
- true h. an increase in size involving all the different tissues composing the part.
- vicarious h. h. of an organ following failure of another organ because of a functional relationship between them; e.g., enlargement of the pituitary gland, after destruction of the thyroid.

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hy·per·tro·phy hī-'pər-trə-fē n, pl -phies excessive development of an organ or part specif increase in bulk (as by thickening of muscle fibers) without multiplication of parts <ventricular \hypertrophy>
hypertrophy vi, -phied; -phy·ing to undergo hypertrophy

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n.
increase in the size of a tissue or organ brought about by the enlargement of its cells rather than by cell multiplication (as during normal growth and tumour formation). Muscles undergo this change in response to increased work. Compare hyperplasia.

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hy·per·tro·phy (hi-purґtrə-fe) [hyper- + -trophy] the enlargement or overgrowth of an organ or part due to an increase in size of its constituent cells. See also hyperplasia and proliferation. hypertrophic adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hypertrophy — Classification and external resources MeSH D006984 …   Wikipedia

  • hypertrophy — [hī pʉr′trə fē] n. [ModL: see HYPER & TROPHY] a considerable increase in the size of an organ or tissue, caused by enlargement of its cellular components vi., vt. hypertrophied, hypertrophying to undergo or cause to undergo hypertrophy… …   English World dictionary

  • Hypertrophy — Hy*per tro*phy, n. [Gr. ype r over, beyond + ? nourishment, fr. ? to nourish: cf. F. hypertrophie.] (Med. & Biol.) A condition of overgrowth or excessive development of an organ or part; the opposite of {atrophy}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hypertrophy — hypertrophy. См. гипертрофия. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • hypertrophy — 1821, from HYPER (Cf. hyper ) + Gk. trophe “nourishment” (see TROPHY (Cf. trophy)). Related: Hypertrophic …   Etymology dictionary

  • hypertrophy — ► NOUN ▪ enlargement of an organ or tissue resulting from an increase in size of its cells. DERIVATIVES hypertrophic adjective hypertrophied adjective. ORIGIN from Greek trophia nourishment …   English terms dictionary

  • Hypertrophy — Chartplatzierungen (vorläufig) Vorlage:Infobox Chartplatzierungen/Wartung/vorläufige Chartplatzierung Erklärung der Daten Singles Just Come Back To Me & …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hypertrophy — hy·per·tro·phy || haɪ pÉœrtrəʊfɪ / pɜːt v. affect with hypertrophy; be affected with hypertrophy n. abnormal enlargement of a part or organ; excessive growth …   English contemporary dictionary

  • hypertrophy — hypertrophia; n. increase in the size of a tissue or organ brought about by the enlargement of its cells rather than by cell multiplication (as during normal growth and tumour formation). Hypertrophy can be a physiological response to normal… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • hypertrophy — /haɪˈpɜtrəfi/ (say huy pertruhfee) noun (plural hypertrophies) 1. Pathology, Botany enlargement of a part or organ; excessive growth. 2. excessive growth or accumulation of any kind. –verb (hypertrophied, hypertrophying) –verb (t) 3. to affect… …   Australian English dictionary

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