saxitoxin
A potent neurotoxin found in shellfish, such as the mussel or the clam, produced by the dinoflagellate Gonyaulax catenella, which is ingested by the shellfish; the cause of cases of poisoning from eating California sea mussel (Mytilus californianus), the scallop, and the Alaskan butterclam (Saxidomus giganteus).

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saxi·tox·in .sak-sə-'täk-sən n a potent nonprotein neurotoxin C10H17N7O4·2HCl that originates in dinoflagellates of the genus Gonyaulax found in red tides and that sometimes occurs in and renders toxic normally edible mollusks which feed on them

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saxi·tox·in (sakґsĭ-tok″sin) a powerful, heat-stable, low molecular weight neurotoxin synthesized and secreted by certain dinoflagellates, such as species of Gonyaulax; it accumulates in the tissues of bivalve mollusks feeding on the dinoflagellates, and persons eating such mollusks can get either neurotoxic or paralytic shellfish poisoning (see under poisoning). Called also shellfish poison.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • saxitoxin — [sak′sə täk΄sin] n. a powerful toxin that causes partial paralysis, sometimes found in shellfish that have fed on certain dinoflagellates (esp. genus Gonyaulax) …   English World dictionary

  • Saxitoxin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Saxitoxin Andere Namen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Saxitoxin — Chembox new ImageFile = Saxitoxin structure.png ImageSize = IUPACName = (3aS (3a α,4 α,10aR*))2,6 diamino 4 (((amino carbonyl)oxy)methyl) 3a,4,8,9 tetrahydro 1H,10H pyrrolo(1,2 c)purine 10,10 diol OtherNames = Section1 = Chembox Identifiers CASNo …   Wikipedia

  • Saxitoxin — Sa|xi|to|xin [Kurzw. aus nlat. Saxidomus giganteus = Venusmuschel (Zool.) u. ↑ Toxin] Abk.: STX: von Algen produziertes, durch die Nahrungskette über Austern, Mies u. a. Speisemuscheln auch in Schalentiergerichte einschleppbares stark giftiges (↑ …   Universal-Lexikon

  • saxitoxin — noun Etymology: saxi (from New Latin Saxidomus giganteus, species of butter clam from which it is isolated) + toxin Date: 1962 a potent nonprotein neurotoxin C10H17N7O4•2HCl that originates especially in dinoflagellates (genus Gonyaulax) found in …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • saxitoxin — Neurotoxin produced by the red tide dinoflagellates, Gonyaulax catenella and G. tamarensis. It binds to the sodium channel, blocking the passage of action potentials. Its action closely resembles that of tetrodotoxin. The toxin was originally… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • saxitoxin — /sak si tok sin/, n. a powerful neurotoxin, C10H17N7O4, produced by the dinoflagellate Gonyaulax catenella, the causative agent of red tide. [1960 65; < NL Saxi(domus), a clam genus infected by the dinoflagellates (equiv. to L sax(um) stone + i I …   Universalium

  • saxitoxin — noun A neurotoxin, produced by some dinoflagellates, that can accumulate in mollusks and cause subsequent food poisoning in humans …   Wiktionary

  • saxitoxin — saxi·toxin …   English syllables

  • saxitoxin — sax•i•tox•in [[t]ˌsæk sɪˈtɒk sɪn[/t]] n. pha a neurotoxin produced by the dinoflagellate Gonyaulax catenella, the causative agent of red tide • Etymology: 1960–65; < NL Saxi(domus), a clam genus infected by the dinoflagellates (L sax(um) stone …   From formal English to slang

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