sulfate
- acid s. SYN: bisulfate.
- active s. SYN: adenosine 3′-phosphate 5′-phosphosulfate.
- s. adenylyltransferase an enzyme that catalyzes a step in the pathway for the synthesis of active s.; the enzyme reacts ATP with s. to produce pyrophosphate and adenosine 5′-phosphosulfate (APS). SYN: ATP sulfurylase.
- codeine s. a water-soluble salt of codeine, often used in solid pharmaceutical dosage forms. Also used in cough preparations, where the drug suppresses the cough reflex.
- dermatan s. an anticoagulant with properties similar to heparin and sharing with heparin a sulfated mucopolysaccharide structure; a repeating polymer of l-iduronic acid and N-acetyl-d-galactosamine. O-Sulfation of iduronic acid residues at the C-2 position and of galactosamine residues at the C-4 and C-6 positions occurs to a variable extent. SYN: chondroitin s. B.
- iron s. a soluble iron salt frequently used as an iron supplement in tablets and liquid preparations as a hematinic. SYN: ferrous s..
- polysaccharide s. esters s. esters of polysaccharides often found in cell walls.

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sul·fate or chiefly Brit sul·phate 'səl-.fāt n
1) a salt or ester of sulfuric acid
2) a bivalent group or anion SO4 characteristic of sulfuric acid and the sulfates
sulfate or chiefly Brit sulphate vt, sul·fat·ed or chiefly Brit sul·phat·ed; sul·fat·ing or chiefly Brit sul·phat·ing to treat or combine with sulfuric acid or a sulfate

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sul·fate (sulґfāt) [L. sulphas] any salt of sulfuric acid. For specific salts, see entries under the adjectival form, e.g., for ferrous sulfate, see under ferrous.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sulfate — [ sylfat ] n. m. • 1787; de sulf(o) et suff. chim. ate ♦ Sel ou ester de l acide sulfurique. ⇒vx couperose, vitriol. Sulfates acides. ⇒ bisulfate. Sulfates et persulfates. Sulfates naturels de plomb, de calcium hydraté. ⇒ gypse. Sulfate de cuivre …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • sulfaté — sulfate [ sylfat ] n. m. • 1787; de sulf(o) et suff. chim. ate ♦ Sel ou ester de l acide sulfurique. ⇒vx couperose, vitriol. Sulfates acides. ⇒ bisulfate. Sulfates et persulfates. Sulfates naturels de plomb, de calcium hydraté. ⇒ gypse. Sulfate… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sulfate — Sulfate,   Singular Sulfat das, (e)s, im weiteren Sinn die Salze und Ester der verschiedenen Sauerstoffsäuren des Schwefels (Schwefelverbindungen); im engeren Sinn die Salze und Ester der Schwefelsäure. Viele Salze dieser Säure kommen in der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • sulfate — [sul′fāt΄] n. [Fr < L sulphur, sulfur + Fr ate, ATE2] 1. a salt of sulfuric acid containing the divalent, negative radical SO4 2. an uncharged ester of this acid vt. sulfated, sulfating 1. to treat with sulfuric acid or a sulfate …   English World dictionary

  • sulfaté — sulfaté, ée (sul fa té, tée) part. passé de sulfater. Combiné avec un sulfate. •   Un cristal de chaux sulfatée parfaitement transparent et limpide, BIOT Instit. Mém. scienc. 1812, 1re sem. p. 52.    Eaux minérales sulfatées, celles qui… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Sulfate — Sulfate, so v.w. Schwefelsaure Salze …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sulfate — heißen die Salze der Schwefelsäure; s. die wichtigsten derselben unter den betreffenden Metallen; s.a. Salze …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • sulfate — 1790 (sulphat), from Fr. sulphate (1787), from Mod.L. sulphatum acidum, from L. sulpur, sulphur (see SULFUR (Cf. sulfur)) + chemical ending ate. The spelling with ph is standard in Britain …   Etymology dictionary

  • Sulfate — In inorganic chemistry, a sulfate (IUPAC recommended spelling; also sulphate in British English) is a salt of sulfuric acid.Chemical propertiesThe sulfate ion is a polyatomic anion with the empirical formula SO42− and a molecular mass of 96.06… …   Wikipedia

  • Sulfate — Sulfat Ion in der klassischen Schreibweise Wahrscheinlichere Bindungssituation im Sulfat Ion …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sulfate — Représentation de Cram de l ion sulfate …   Wikipédia en Français

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