collapse


collapse
1. A condition of extreme prostration, similar or identical to hypovolemic shock and due to the same causes. 2. A state of profound physical depression. 3. A falling together of the walls of a structure. 4. The failure of a physiologic system. 5. The falling away of an organ from its surround structure e.g., c. of the lung. [L. col-labor, pp. -lapsus, to fall together]
- absorption c. pulmonary c. due to rapid complete obstruction of a large bronchus.
- c. of dental arch movement of teeth to fill a space which would normally be filled by another, missing tooth, creating a malpositioning of adjacent and opposing teeth.
- massive c. relatively sudden atelectasis of an entire lung or of a lobe.
- pulmonary c. secondary atelectasis due to bronchial obstruction, pleural effusion or pneumothorax, cardiac hypertrophy, or enlargement of other structures adjacent to the lungs.

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col·lapse kə-'laps vb, col·lapsed; col·laps·ing vi
1) to fall or shrink together abruptly and completely: fall into a jumbled or flattened mass through the force of external pressure <a blood vessel that collapsed>
2) to break down in vital energy, stamina, or self-control through exhaustion or disease esp to fall helpless or unconscious vt to cause to collapse <collapsing an infected lung>
col·laps·ibil·i·ty -.lap-sə-'bil-ət-ē n
col·laps·ible -'lap-sə-bəl adj
collapse n
1) a breakdown in vital energy, strength, or stamina: complete sudden enervation <the daughter's mental \collapse through mounting frustration (Leslie Rees)>
2) a state of extreme prostration and physical depression resulting from circulatory failure, great loss of body fluids, or heart disease and occurring terminally in diseases such as cholera, typhoid fever, and pneumonia
3) an airless state of a lung of spontaneous origin or induced surgically see ATELECTASIS
4) an abnormal falling together of the walls of an organ <\collapse of blood vessels>

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col·lapse (kə-lapsґ) [L. collapsus] 1. a state of extreme prostration and depression, with failure of circulation. 2. abnormal falling in of the walls of any part or organ.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Collapse — Col*lapse , v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Collapsed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Collapsing}] [L. collapsus, p. p. of collabi to collapse; col + labi to fall, slide. See {Lapse}.] 1. To fall together suddenly, as the sides of a hollow vessel; to close by falling or …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Collapse — Pays d’origine  France Genre musical Metal industriel Années d activité 1994 – Aujourd hui Labels …   Wikipédia en Français

  • collapse — ● collapse nom masculin (anglais collapse, affaissement) Dommage susceptible de survenir au cours du séchage artificiel du bois, se traduisant par des affaissements et des déformations internes …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • collapse — [n] downfall, breakdown bankruptcy, basket case*, cataclysm, catastrophe, cave in, conk out*, crackup*, crash, debacle, destruction, disintegration, disorganization, disruption, exhaustion, failure, faint, flop, prostration, ruination, ruining,… …   New thesaurus

  • collapse — [kə laps′] vi. collapsed, collapsing [< L collapsus, pp. of collabi < com , together + labi, to fall: see LAP1] 1. to fall down or fall to pieces, as when supports or sides fail to hold; cave in; shrink together suddenly 2. to break down… …   English World dictionary

  • Collapse — Col*lapse , n. 1. A falling together suddenly, as of the sides of a hollow vessel. [1913 Webster] 2. A sudden and complete failure; an utter failure of any kind; a breakdown. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster] 3. (Med.) Extreme depression or sudden failing …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • collapse — index catastrophe, debacle, decline, defeat, destruction, deteriorate, detriment, disaster, disease …   Law dictionary

  • collapse — (v.) 1732, from L. collapsus, pp. of collabi fall together, from com together (see COM (Cf. com )) + labi to fall, slip (see LAPSE (Cf. lapse)). The adj. collapsed is attested from c.1600, from L. collapsus, and perhaps this suggested a verb. R …   Etymology dictionary

  • collapse — ► VERB 1) suddenly fall down or give way. 2) (of a person) fall down as a result of physical breakdown. 3) fail suddenly and completely. ► NOUN 1) an instance of a structure collapsing. 2) a sudden failure or breakdown. ORIGIN …   English terms dictionary


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