determinism


determinism
The proposition that all behavior is caused exclusively by genetic and environmental influences with no random components, and independent of free will. [L. determino, to limit, fr. terminus, boundary + -ism]
- psychic d. in psychoanalysis, the concept that all psychological and behavioral phenomena result from antecedent, unconsciously operating causes.

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de·ter·min·ism di-'tər-mə-.niz-əm n
1) a theory or doctrine that acts of the will, occurrences in nature, or social or psychological phenomena are causally determined by preceding events or natural laws <explained behavior by the combination of an environmental and a genetic \determinism>
2) the quality or state of being determined
de·ter·min·is·tic -.tər-mə-'nis-tik also de·ter·min·ist -'tərm-(ə-)nəst adj
de·ter·min·is·ti·cal·ly -.tər-mə-'nis-ti-k(ə-)lē adv

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de·ter·min·ism (de-turґmĭ-niz-əm) the theory that all phenomena are the result of antecedent conditions, nothing occurs by chance, and there is no free will.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Determinism — • A name employed by writers, especially since J. Stuart Mill, to denote the philosophical theory which holds, in opposition to the doctrine of free will, that all man s volitions are invariably determined by pre existing circumstances Catholic… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • determinism — DETERMINÍSM s.n. Teorie, concepţie potrivit căreia fenomenele sunt generate de înlănţuiri de cauze şi efecte, prin condiţionări şi legităţi prin interacţiuni necesare şi repetitive. – Din fr. déterminisme. Trimis de IoanSoleriu, 01.09.2004. Sursa …   Dicționar Român

  • determinism —    Determinism concerning human beings is the thesis that every action performed by a human is determined, that is, antecedently caused or fixed, by something else. The something else might be another agent, one s genes, one s upbringing, a prior …   Christian Philosophy

  • Determinism — De*ter min*ism, n. (Metaph.) The doctrine that the will is not free, but is inevitably and invincibly determined by motives, preceding events, and natural laws. [1913 Webster] Its superior suitability to produce courage, as contrasted with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Determinism — (biological) …   Philosophy dictionary

  • determinism — 1846, in theology (lack of free will); 1876 in general sense of doctrine that everything happens by a necessary causation, from Fr. déterminisme, from Ger. Determinismus, perhaps a back formation from Praedeterminismus (see DETERMINE (Cf.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • determinism — [dē tʉr′mi niz΄əm, ditʉr′mi niz΄əm] n. the doctrine that everything, including one s choice of action, is the necessary result of a sequence of causes determinist n., adj. deterministic adj. deterministically adv …   English World dictionary

  • Determinism — This article is about the general notion of determinism in philosophy. For other uses, see Determinism (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Fatalism, Predeterminism, or Predictability. Certainty series …   Wikipedia

  • determinism — determinist, n., adj. deterministic, adj. deterministically, adv. /di terr meuh niz euhm/, n. 1. the doctrine that all facts and events exemplify natural laws. 2. the doctrine that all events, including human choices and decisions, have… …   Universalium

  • determinism — also known as soft determinism and championed by Hume, is a theory which holds that free will and determinism are compatible. According to Hume, free will should not be understood as an absolute ability to have chosen differently under exactly… …   Mini philosophy glossary

  • Determinism —    Karl Marx’s theory of historical materialism, his predictions (for example concerning the increasing immiserization of the poor and the collapse of capitalism), and Marxist laws of history/ capitalism all lead to the issue of determinism.… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism