image


image
1. Representation of an object made by the rays of light emanating or reflected from it. 2. Representation produced by x-rays, ultrasound, tomography, thermography, radioisotopes, etc. 3. To produce such representations. [L. imago, likeness]
- accidental i. SYN: afterimage.
- body i. 1. the cerebral representation of all body sensation organized in the parietal cortex; 2. personal conception of one's own body as distinct from one's actual anatomic body or the conception other persons have of it. SYN: body schema.
- catatropic i. SYN: Purkinje-Sanson images.
- direct i. SYN: virtual i..
- eidetic i. vivid mental i. in the form of a dream, fantasy, or an unusual power of memory and visualization of objects previously seen or imagined.
- false i. the i. in the deviating eye in strabismus.
- heteronymous i. a double i. in physiological diplopia, when fixation is directed beyond an object; the right i. arises from the left eye, while the left i. arises from the right eye; i.e., there is a crossed diplopia.
- homonymous images double images produced by stimuli arising from points proximal to the horopter. SYN: homonymous diplopia, simple diplopia, uncrossed diplopia.
- hypnagogic i. imagery occurring between wakefulness and sleep.
- hypnopompic i. imagery occurring after the sleeping state and before complete wakefulness; similar to hypnagogic imagery except for the time of occurrence.
- inverted i. SYN: real i..
- magnitude i. in magnetic resonance imaging, an i. formed from the amplitude of the signal, distinct from the phase information. SEE ALSO: magnetic resonance imaging.
- mental i. a picture of an object not present, produced in the mind by memory or imagination.
- mirror i. a representation of an object or part thereof as its reflected i. in a mirror.
- motor i. the i. of body movements.
- negative i. SYN: afterimage.
- optical i. an i. formed by the refraction or reflection of light.
- phase i. a magnetic resonance i. showing only phase shift information, to detect motion.
- Purkinje images SYN: Purkinje-Sanson images.
- Purkinje-Sanson images the two images formed by the anterior and posterior surfaces of the cornea and the two images formed by the anterior and posterior surfaces of the lens. SYN: catatropic i., Purkinje images, Sanson images.
- real i. an i. formed by the convergence of the actual rays of light from an object. SYN: inverted i..
- retinal i. a real i. formed on the retina.
- Sanson images SYN: Purkinje-Sanson images.
- sensory i. an i. based on one or more types of sensation.
- specular i. the i. of a source of light made visible by the reflection from a mirror.
- tactile i. an i. of an object as perceived by the sense of touch.
- unequal retinal i. SYN: aniseikonia.
- virtual i. an erect i. formed by projection of divergent rays from an optical system. SYN: direct i..
- visual i. a collection of foci corresponding to all the luminous points of an object.
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im·age 'im-ij n
1 a) the optical counterpart of an object produced by an optical device (as a lens or mirror) or an electronic device see REAL IMAGE, VIRTUAL IMAGE
b) a likeness of an object produced on a photographic material
2) a mental picture or impression of something <had a negative body \image of herself>: as
a ) (1) a mental conception held in common by members of a group and symbolic of a basic attitude and orientation <the compassionate small-town family doctor, an \image that the AMA deeply admires (Current Biog.)> (2) an idealized conception of a person and esp. a parent that is formed by an infant or child, is retained in the unconscious, and influences behavior in later life <the overwhelming influence of the mother \image (John Messenger)> called also imago
b) the memory of a perception in psychology that is modified by subsequent experience also the representation of the source of a stimulus on a receptor mechanism
image vb, im·aged; im·ag·ing vt
1) to call up a mental picture of: IMAGINE
2) to create a representation of also to form an image of <the liver was imaged> <the animals were anesthetized and imaged with a gamma camera (R. T. Proffitt )(et al)> vi to form an image

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im·age (imґəj) [L. imago] a picture or conception with more or less likeness to an objective reality. See also imaging.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

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  • Image — Image …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • IMAGE — Même limitée aux arts visuels, l’image ne peut être séparée des racines profondes qu’elle a dans la mémoire, l’imagination, la pensée ou le rêve. L’image est sans nul doute l’objet de réflexion le plus rebelle aux classifications par genres et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • image — im‧age [ˈɪmɪdʒ] noun [countable] 1. MARKETING the general opinion that most people have of a person, organization, product etc: • Law suits hurt a company s image and may hinder future fund raising. • A good advertising campaign will promote a… …   Financial and business terms

  • Image — bezeichnet das innere Gesamt und Stimmungsbild bzw. den Gesamteindruck, den eine Mehrzahl von Menschen von einem Meinungsgegenstand hat (z. B. von einer Person oder Personengruppe, von einer Organisation, von einer Stadt oder Ortschaft, von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • image — IMAGE. s. f. Representation d une chose en sculpture, peinture, graveure. Les images des faux Dieux. les images des Saints. une belle image. une image bien faite, bien ressemblante. l image du Roy. briser, rompre les images. abattre les images.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Image — Im age ([i^]m [asl]j; 48), n. [F., fr. L. imago, imaginis, from the root of imitari to imitate. See {Imitate}, and cf. {Imagine}.] 1. An imitation, representation, or similitude of any person, thing, or act, sculptured, drawn, painted, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • IMAGE — im Reinraum Imager for Magnetopause to Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE, auch Explorer 78) war ein Forschungssatellit der NASA, der als Explorer Mission der MIDEX Klasse (Middle sized Explorer) die Einflüsse des Sonnenwinds auf die Magnetosphäre… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • IMAGE — (from Imager for Magnetopause to Aurora Global Exploration ), or Explorer 78, was a NASA MIDEX mission that studied the global response of the Earth s magnetosphere to changes in the solar wind. It was launched March 25, 2000 by a Delta II rocket …   Wikipedia

  • Image — Sn Bild von jmd. in der Öffentlichkeit erw. fremd. Erkennbar fremd (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. image, dieses aus frz. image f., älter afrz. imagene Bild , aus l. imāgo ( ginis) f. Bild, Bildnis, Abbild . Entfernt verwandt ist die… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • image — Image, ou resemblance et pourtraict fait sur le vif, Effigies, Expressa imago, Icon. Image et semblance ou representation de quelque chose, Idolum idoli. Image et semblance d aucun, Imago imaginis. Une statue et image de pierre ou de bois, Statua …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • image — 1 Image, effigy, statue, icon, portrait, photograph, mask all mean a lifelike representation especially of a living being. Image (see also SENSATION 1) in its earliest English sense denotes a sculptured, cast, or modeled representation (as of a… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms


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