lathyrism


lathyrism
A disease occurring in Ethiopia, Algeria, and India, characterized by various nervous manifestations, tremors, spastic paraplegia, and paresthesias; prevalent in districts where vetches, khasari (Lathyrus sativus), and allied species form the main food. Experimentally, a form of bone disease induced in laboratory animals by feeding L. sativus peas, or a principle derived from them, especially β-aminoproprionitrile. SYN: lupinosis. [L. lathyrus, vetch]

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lath·y·rism 'lath-ə-.riz-əm n a diseased condition of humans, domestic animals, and esp. horses that results from poisoning by an amino acid found in some legumes of the genus Lathyrus (esp. L. sativus) and is characterized esp. by spastic paralysis of the hind or lower limbs

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n.
a disease, characterized by muscular weakness and paralysis, found among people whose staple diet consists mostly of large quantites of Lathyrus sativus, a kind of chick pea, and/or vetches and pulses related to it. Except in mild cases complete recovery does not occur, despite administration of an adequate diet and physiotherapy.

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lath·y·rism (lathґə-riz-əm) a morbid condition seen after excessive ingestion of seeds of the genus Lathyrus, which contain β-aminopropionitrile, an inhibitor of the enzyme lysyl oxidase; symptoms include spastic paraplegia, pain, hyperesthesia, and paresthesia. Cf. lupinosis and osteolathyrism. lathyritic adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lathyrism — Classification and external resources Thanks to the grasspea, an aquatint print by Goya showing the use of grasspea as a famine food but also highlighting its effects (crippled woman lying on the floor) ICD 10 …   Wikipedia

  • lathyrism — [lath′ə riz΄əm] n. a painful, poisoned condition caused by the ingestion of certain peas (esp. genus Lathyrus) and characterized by paralysis of the legs, hyperesthesia, etc …   English World dictionary

  • lathyrism — noun Etymology: New Latin Lathyrus, from Greek lathyros, a type of pea Date: circa 1888 a diseased condition of humans, domestic animals, and especially horses that results from poisoning by an amino acid found in some legumes (genus Lathyrus and …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • lathyrism — Disorder of collagen cross linking as a result of copper sequestration by nitriles. (Lysyl oxidase is a copper containing metalloenzyme). In animals, caused by eating toxic plants of genus Lathyris …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • lathyrism — /lath euh riz euhm/, n. Pathol. a disorder of humans and domestic animals caused by ingestion of the seeds of some legumes of the genus Lathyrus and marked by spastic paralysis and pain. [1885 90; < NL Lathyr(us) genus name ( < Gk láthyros a kind …   Universalium

  • lathyrism — noun A neurological disease of humans and domestic animals, caused by eating certain legumes of the genus Lathyrus and characterised by paralysis and emaciation …   Wiktionary

  • lathyrism — n. disease caused by eating the seeds of certain legumes belonging to the genus Lathyrus …   English contemporary dictionary

  • lathyrism — lath·y·rism …   English syllables

  • lathyrism — n. a disease, characterized by muscular weakness and paralysis, found among people whose staple diet consists mostly of large quantites of Lathyrus sativus, a kind of chick pea, and/or vetches and pulses related to it. Except in mild cases… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • lathyrism — lath•y•rism [[t]ˈlæθ əˌrɪz əm[/t]] n. pat a painful disorder esp. of domestic animals caused by ingestion of a poison found in certain legumes of the genus Lathyrus and marked by spastic paralysis • Etymology: 1885–90; < NL Lathyr(us) (< Gk …   From formal English to slang


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