stratum


stratum
One of the layers of differentiated tissue, the aggregate of which forms any given structure, such as the retina or the skin. SEE ALSO: lamina, layer. [L. sterno, pp. stratus, to spread out, strew, ntr. of pp. as noun, s., a bed cover, layer]
- s. aculeatum obsolete term for s. spinosum.
- s. basale 1. the outermost layer of the endometrium which undergoes only minimal changes during the menstrual cycle; SYN: basal layer. 2. SYN: s. basale epidermidis.
- s. basale epidermidis the deepest layer of the epidermis, composed of dividing stem cells and anchoring cells. SYN: basal cell layer, columnar layer, germinative layer, palisade layer, s. basale (2), s. cylindricum, s. germinativum.
- s. cerebrale retinae SYN: cerebral layer of retina.
- s. cinereum colliculi superioris SYN: gray layers of superior colliculus, under layer.
- s. circulare membranae tympani circular fibers deep to the radiate layer of the membrane that are more abundant near the periphery; not present in the pars flaccida. SYN: circular layer of tympanic membrane.
- s. circulare musculi detrusoris vesicae [TA] SYN: circular layer of detrusor (muscle) of urinary bladder.
- s. circulare tunicae muscularis [TA] SYN: circular layer of muscular coat.
- s. circulare tunicae muscularis coli circular layer of muscular coat of colon.
- s. circulare tunicae muscularis intestini tenuis [TA] SYN: circular layer of muscle coat of small intestine.
- s. circulare tunicae muscularis recti circular layer of muscular coat of rectum.
- s. circulare tunicae muscularis ventriculi circular layer of muscular coat of stomach.
- s. compactum the superficial layer of decidual tissue in the pregnant uterus, in which the interglandular tissue preponderates. SYN: compacta.
- s. corneum epidermidis the outer layer of the epidermis, consisting of several layers of flat keratinized non-nucleated cells. SYN: corneal layer of epidermis, horny layer of epidermis.
- s. corneum unguis the outer, horny layer of the nail. SYN: cornified layer of nail, horny layer of nail.
- s. cutaneum membranae tympani the thin layer of skin on the external surface of the tympanic membrane. SYN: cutaneous layer of tympanic membrane.
- s. cylindricum SYN: s. basale epidermidis.
- s. disjunctum the layer of partly detached cells on the free surface of the s. corneum, as seen in sections under the microscope; likely an artifact of fixation.
- s. fibrosum vaginae tendinis fibrous tendon sheath.
- s. fibrosum [TA] SYN: fibrous capsule.
- s. fibrosum capsulae articularis SYN: fibrous layer of joint capsule, fibrous capsule.
- s. fibrosum panniculi adiposi telae subcutaneae [TA] SYN: fibrous layer in or on deep aspect of fatty layer of subcutaneous tissue.
- s. functionale the endometrium except for the s. basale; formerly believed to be lost during menstruation but now considered to be only partially disrupted.
- s. ganglionare nervi optici SYN: ganglionic layer of optic nerve.
- s. ganglionicum [TA] SYN: ganglionic layer.
- s. germinativum SYN: s. basale epidermidis.
- s. germinativum unguis the deeper layer of the nail that is continuous with the s. germinativum of the surrounding skin and from which the nail plate is continuously formed. SYN: germinative layer of nail.
- s. granulare [TA] SYN: granular layer. See layers of dentate gyrus, under layer.
- s. granulosum corticis cerebelli [TA] SYN: granular layer of cerebellum.
- s. granulosum epidermidis SYN: granular layer of epidermis.
- s. granulosum folliculi ovarici vesiculosi the layer of small cells that forms the wall of an ovarian follicle. SYN: granular layer of a vesicular ovarian follicle, granulosa, membrana granulosa, s. granulosum ovarii.
- s. granulosum ovarii SYN: s. granulosum folliculi ovarici vesiculosi.
- s. griseum colliculi superioris SYN: gray layers of superior colliculus, under layer.
- s. griseum intermedium [TA] gray layers of superior colliculus, under layer.
- s. griseum profundum [TA] See gray layers of superior colliculus, under layer.
- s. griseum profundum colliculis superioris [TA] SYN: deep gray layer of superior colliculus.
- s. griseum superficiale [TA] gray layers of superior colliculus, under layer.
- strata gyri dentati [TA] SYN: layers of dentate gyrus, under layer.
- s. helicoidale brevis gradus circular layer of muscle coat of small intestine.
- s. helicoidale longi gradus longitudinal layer of muscle coat of small intestine.
- strata hippocampi [TA] SYN: layers of hippocampus, under layer.
- s. interolivare lemnisci the medial region of the medulla oblongata between the left and right olivary nucleus, traversed longitudinally by the left and right medial lemniscus, and transversely by the decussating olivocerebellar fibers.
- s. lemnisci a largely fibrous (hence whitish) layer of the superior colliculus separating the middle gray layer of superior colliculus from the deep gray layer of superior colliculus and containing, among others, fibers from the spinal and trigeminal lemnisci. SYN: fillet layer.
- s. limitans externum [TA] SYN: outer limiting layer.
- s. limitans internum [TA] SYN: inner limiting layer.
- s. longitudinale tunicae muscularis [TA] SYN: longitudinal layer of muscular coat.
- s. longitudinale tunicae muscularis coli longitudinal layer of the muscular tunic of the colon.
- s. longitudinale tunicae muscularis intestini tenuis [TA] SYN: longitudinal layer of muscle coat of small intestine.
- s. longitudinale tunicae muscularis recti longitudinal layer of muscular coat of rectum.
- s. longitudinale tunicae muscularis ventriculi longitudinal layer of muscular coat of stomach.
- s. lucidum a layer of lightly staining corneocytes in the deepest level of the s. corneum; found primarily in the thick epidermis of the palmar and plantar skin. SYN: clear layer of epidermis.
- strata magnocellularia [TA] See lateral geniculate body.
- malpighian s. the living layer of the epidermis comprising the s. basale, s. spinosum, and s. granulosum. SYN: malpighian layer, malpighian rete.
- s. medullare intermedium [TA] SYN: intermediate white layer [TA] of superior colliculus.
- s. medullare profundum [TA] SYN: deep white layer of superior colliculus.
- s. moleculare SYN: molecular layer.
- s. moleculare corticis cerebelli [TA] SYN: molecular layer of cerebellar cortex.
- s. moleculare et substratum lacunosum [TA] SYN: lacunar-molecular layer. See layers of hippocampus, under layer.
- s. moleculare retinae SYN: molecular layer of retina.
- s. multiforme [TA] SYN: multiform layer. See layers of dentate gyrus, under layer.
- s. musculosum panniculi adiposi telae subcutaneae [TA] SYN: muscle layer in fatty layer of subcutaneous tissue.
- s. neuroepitheliale retinae SYN: neuroepithelial layer of retina.
- s. neurofibrarum [TA] SYN: layer of nerve fibers.
- s. neuronorum piriformium obsolete term for Purkinje cell layer.
- s. nucleare externum [TA] SYN: outer nuclear layer.
- s. nucleare internum [TA] SYN: inner nuclear layer.
- strata nuclearia externa et interna retinae SYN: nuclear layers of retina, under layer.
- s. opticum [TA] SYN: optic layer.
- s. oriens [TA] SYN: oriens layer. See layers of hippocampus, under layer.
- s. papillare corii the more superficial layer of the corium whose papillae interdigitate with the epidermis. SYN: corpus papillare, papillary layer.
- strata parvocellularia [TA] See lateral geniculate body.
- s. pigmenti bulbi SYN: pigmented layer of retina.
- s. pigmenti corporis ciliaris the continuation of the pigment layer of the retina onto the posterior aspect of the ciliary body. SYN: pigmented layer of ciliary body.
- s. pigmenti iridis the double layer of pigmented epithelium on the posterior surface of the iris. SYN: pigmented layer of iris.
- s. pigmenti retinae SYN: pigmented layer of retina.
- s. plexiforme externum SYN: plexiform layers of retina, under layer.
- s. plexiforme externum [TA] SYN: outer plexiform layer.
- s. plexiforme internum [TA] SYN: plexiform layers of retina, under layer.
- s. plexiforme internum [TA] SYN: inner plexiform layer.
- s. purkinjense corticis cerebelli [TA] SYN: Purkinje cell layer.
- s. pyramidale [TA] SYN: pyramidal layer. See layers of hippocampus, under layer.
- s. radiatum [TA] SYN: radiant layer. See layers of hippocampus, under layer.
- s. radiatum membranae tympani the connective tissue layer of the tympanic membrane beneath the s. cutaneum, the fibers of which radiate from the manubrium of the malleus to the peripheral fibrocartilaginous ring of the membrane; absent from the pars flaccida. SYN: radiate layer of tympanic membrane.
- s. reticulare corii the thicker deep layer of the corium consisting of dense irregularly arranged connective tissue. SYN: reticular layer of corium, s. reticulare cutis, tunica propria corii.
- s. reticulare cutis SYN: s. reticulare corii.
- s. segmentorum externorum et internorum [TA] SYN: layer of inner and outer segments.
- s. spinosum epidermidis the layer of polyhedral cells in the epidermis; shrinkage artifacts and adhesion of these cells at their desmosomal junctions gives a spiny or prickly appearance. SYN: prickle cell layer, spinous layer.
- s. spongiosum the middle layer of the endometrium formed chiefly of dilated glandular structures; it is flanked by the compacta on the luminal side and the basalis on the myometrial side.
- s. subcutaneum SYN: subcutaneous tissue.
- s. synoviale SYN: synovial membrane, synovial membrane.
- s. zonale [TA] SYN: zonular layer.

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stra·tum 'strāt-əm, 'strat- n, pl stra·ta 'strāt-ə, 'strat-
1) a layer of tissue <a deep \stratum of the skin>
2) a statistical subpopulation

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n.
a layer of tissue or cells, such as any of the layers of the epidermis of the skin (the stratum corneum is the outermost layer).

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stra·tum (stratґəm) (straґtəm) pl. straґta [L.] in anatomy, a sheetlike mass of substance; see also layer and lamina.

Descriptions are given on TA terms, and include anglicized names of specific terms.


Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • stratum — [ stratɔm ] n. m. • XVIIIe chim.; mot lat. ♦ Histol. Couche. ● stratum nom masculin (latin stratum, couche) Stratum granulosum et stratum lucidum, couches de cellules de l épiderme, entre le réseau muqueux de Malpighi et la couche cornée de l… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Stratum — (n., Pl. Strata, eingedeutscht auch Straten, lat. „Schicht“, „Decke“) bedeutet: in der Archäologie eine bestimmte Schicht der Ausgrabung, siehe Stratum (Archäologie) in der Geologie die kleinste Gesteinseinheit, die sich von anderen Einheiten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • stratum — (n.) horizontal layer, 1590s, from Mod.L. stratum, special use of L. stratum thing spread out, coverlet, pavement, from neuter pp. of sternere to spread out, lay down, stretch out, from PIE *stre to to stretch, extend, from root *stere to spread …   Etymology dictionary

  • stratum — stratum; sub·stratum; su·per·stratum; …   English syllables

  • Stratum — Stra tum, n.; pl. E. {Stratums}, L. {Strata}. The latter is more common. [L., from sternere, stratum, to spread; akin to Gr. ? to spread, strew. See {Strew}, and cf. {Consternation}, {Estrade}, {Prostrate}, {Stratus}, {Street}.] 1. (Geol.) A bed… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stratum — strȃtum m DEFINICIJA 1. anat. sloj stanica ili tkiva na različitim anatomskim lokalizacijama 2. geol. arheol. u geologiji i arheologiji, sloj, naslaga ETIMOLOGIJA lat. stratum: pokrivač …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • stratum — ► NOUN (pl. strata) 1) a layer or a series of layers of rock. 2) a thin layer within any structure. 3) a level or class of society. DERIVATIVES stratal adjective. USAGE It is incorrect to use strata …   English terms dictionary

  • stratum — [strāt′əm, strat′əm] n. pl. strata [strātə, strat′ə] or stratums [ModL < L, a covering, blanket < stratus, pp. of sternere, to spread, stretch out, cover: for IE base see STREW] 1. a horizontal layer or section of material, esp. any of… …   English World dictionary

  • Stratum — (lat.), 1) überhaupt Schicht; 2) bes. Häute, od. hautartige Gebilde, welche schichtenweise übereinander liegen, s. Strata. Daher S. cellulōsum, eine außen auf der Rinde liegende, bei starker Entwickelung den Kork bildende Lage von Zellengewebe; S …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Stratum — (lat.), Schicht; s. Strata …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Stratum — Stratum, Mehrzahl strata. lat., Schichte, Lager; stratificiren, schichten; Stratification, die Schichtung der Gebirgsarten …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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