Scapula


Scapula
The shoulder blade (or "wingbone"), the familiar flat triangular bone at the back of the shoulder. The word "scapula" (with the accent on the first syllable) is Latin. The Romans always employed the plural "scapulae", the shoulder blades. Because the shoulder blade resembles the blade of a trowel (a small shovel), the word "scapula" is thought to have come from the Greek "skaptein" meaning "to dig." The term "subscapular" means under (sub) the scapula. The subscapularis muscle originates beneath the scapula. This muscle moves the arm by turning it inward (internal rotation). The subscapularis muscle tendon is part of the rotator cuff.
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A large triangular flattened bone lying over the ribs, posteriorly on either side, articulating laterally with the clavicle at the acromioclavicular joint and the humerus at the glenohumeral joint. It forms a functional articulation with the chest wall, the scapulothoracic articulation. SYN: blade bone, shoulder blade. [L. scapulae, the shoulder blade s]
- s. alata SYN: winged s..
- s. elevata SYN: Sprengel deformity.
- winged s. condition wherein the medial border of the s. protrudes away from the thorax; the protrusion is posterior and lateral, as the s. rotates out; most commonly caused by paralysis of the serratus anterior muscle. SYN: s. alata.

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scap·u·la 'skap-yə-lə n, pl -lae -.lē, -.lī or -las either of a pair of large essentially flat and triangular bones lying one in each dorsolateral part of the thorax, being the principal bone of the corresponding half of the pectoral girdle, divided on the posterior surface into the supraspinous and infraspinous fossae by an oblique transverse bony process or spine terminating in the acromion, having a hook-shaped bony coracoid process on the anterior surface of the superior border of the bone, providing articulation for the humerus, and articulating with the corresponding clavicle called also shoulder blade

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n. (pl. scapulas or scapulae)
the shoulder blade: a triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle. The spine on its dorsal (back) surface ends at the acromion process at the top of the shoulder. This process turns forward and articulates with the collar bone (clavicle) at the acromioclavicular joint; it overhangs the glenoid fossa, into which the humerus fits to form the socket of the shoulder joint. The coracoid process curves upwards and forwards from the neck of the scapula and provides attachment for ligaments and muscles.
scapular adj.

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scap·u·la (skapґu-lə) pl. scapґulae [L.] [TA] the flat, triangular bone in the back of the shoulder, articulating with the ipsilateral clavicle and humerus; called also shoulder blade. See Plate 40. scapular adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Scapula — Situation de la scapula chez l homme en vue dorsale La scapula (anciennement omoplate) est un os plat, pair, de forme triangulaire, situé à la partie postéro supérieure du thorax. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • scapulă — SCÁPULĂ, scapule, s.f. Os lat care, împreună cu clavicula şi cu humerusul, constituie umărul; omoplat. – Din lat. scapula. Trimis de IoanSoleriu, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  SCÁPULĂ s. v. omoplat. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime … …   Dicționar Român

  • Scapula — (lat.: Schulterblatt) ist der Name folgender Personen: Quintus Ostorius Scapula, römischer Präfekt Publius Ostorius Scapula, römischer Statthalter der Provinz Britannien Publius Cornelius Scapula , römischer Konsul im 4. Jahrhundert Scapula steht …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • scapula — ● scapula nom féminin Os de la ceinture scapulaire des vertébrés. (Chez les mammifères et l homme en particulier, la scapula est fusionnée au coracoïde et forme l omoplate.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • scapula — (n.) shoulder blade, 1570s, Mod.L., from L.L. scapula shoulder, from L. scapulae (pl.) shoulders, shoulder blades, of unknown origin; perhaps originally spades, shovels (Cf. Gk. skaphein to dig out ), on notion of similar shape, but actual… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Scapula — Scap u*la (sk[a^]p [ u]*l[.a]), n.; pl. L. {Scapul[ae]}, E. {Scapulas}. [L.] 1. (Anat.) The principal bone of the shoulder girdle in mammals; the shoulder blade. [1913 Webster] 2. (Zo[ o]l.) One of the plates from which the arms of a crinoid… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scapŭla [1] — Scapŭla (lat.), 1) das Schulterblatt; 2) an Maschinen ein dem Schulterblatt ähnlicher Obertheil …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Scapŭla [2] — Scapŭla, eine zur römischen Cornelia gens gehörige Familie: 1) S., war nach der Niederlage des Scipio bei Thapsus mit Aponius von den spanischen Soldaten zum Anführer gewählt worden u. hatte das Bätische Spanien dem Cäsar abwendig gemacht;… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Scapŭla — (lat.), Schulterblatt, s. Schultergürtel …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Scapula — Scapŭla (lat.), das Schulterblatt (s. Schultern) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Scapula —   [lateinisch] die, /...lae, Anatomie: das Schulterblatt.   …   Universal-Lexikon


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