Temperature


Temperature
The temperature is the specific degree of hotness or coldness of the body. It is usually measured with a thermometer.
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The sensible intensity of heat of any substance; the manifestation of the average kinetic energy of the molecules making up a substance due to heat agitation. SEE ALSO: scale. [L. temperatura, due measure, t., fr. tempero, to proportion duly]
- absolute t. (T) t. reckoned in Kelvins from absolute zero.
- basal body t. the t. at rest, usually obtained on arising in the morning, without any influences that might increase it; can give indirect evidence of ovulation.
- critical t. the t. of a gas above which it is no longer possible by use of any pressure, however great, to convert it into a liquid.
- denaturation t. of DNA that t. at which, under a given set of conditions, double-stranded DNA is changed (50%) to single-stranded DNA; under standard conditions, the base composition of the DNA can be estimated from the denaturation t., since the greater the denaturation t., the greater the guanine-plus-cytosine content ( i.e., GC content) of the DNA. SYN: melting t. of DNA.
- effective t. a comfort index or scale which takes into account the t. of air, its moisture content, and movement.
- equivalent t. the t. of a thermally uniform enclosure in which, under still air conditions, a “sizable” black body loses heat at the same rate as in the nonuniform environment.
- eutectic t. the t. at which a eutectic mixture becomes fluid (melts).
- fusion t. (wire method) 1. the recorded t. at which a 20-gauge metal wire will collapse under a 3-ounce load. 2. the recorded t. at which porcelain becomes glazed.
- maximum t. in bacteriology, denoting a t. above which growth will not take place.
- mean t. the average atmospheric t. in any locality for a designated period of time, as a month or a year.
- melting t. SYN: t. midpoint.
- melting t. of DNA SYN: denaturation t. of DNA.
- t. midpoint (Tm, tm) the midpoint in the change in optical properties (absorbance, rotation) of a structured polymer ( e.g., DNA) with increasing t.. SYN: melting t..
- minimum t. in bacteriology, denoting a t. below which growth will not take place.
- optimum t. the t. at which any operation, such as the culture of any special microorganism, is best carried on.
- room t. (RT, rt) the ordinary t. (65°F to slightly less than 80°F, 18.3°C–26.7°C) of the atmosphere in the laboratory; a culture kept at room t. is one kept in the laboratory, not in an incubator.
- sensible t. the atmospheric t. as felt by the individual, supposed to be that recorded by the wet-bulb thermometer.
- standard t. a t. of 0°C or 273.15° absolute (Kelvin).

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tem·per·a·ture 'tem-pə(r)-.chu̇(ə)r, -p(ə-)rə-, -chər, -.t(y)u̇(ə)r n
1) degree of hotness or coldness measured on a definite scale see THERMOMETER
2 a) the degree of heat that is natural to a living body <a normal oral \temperature of about 98.6°F>
b) a condition of abnormally high body heat <was running a \temperature>

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tem·per·a·ture (temґpər-ə-chər) [L. temperatura, from temperare, to regulate] 1. the degree of sensible heat or cold; the property of a system that determines whether or not the system is in thermal equilibrium with other systems; a measure of the average kinetic energy due to thermal agitation of the particles in a system. Symbol t>. 2. the level of heat natural to a living being. 3. colloquial term for fever.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • temperature — Temperature. s. f. v. La constitution, la disposition de l air, selon qu il est froid, ou chaud, sec ou humide. La temperature de l air est douce & agreable en ce pays là. la temperature de l air y est tres inégale. la temperature de l air est… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • temperature — meaning ‘a high or abnormal temperature’ (as in Have you got a temperature?) is idiomatic in modern English but mostly confined to spoken forms …   Modern English usage

  • temperature — 1530s, fact of being tempered, also character or nature of a substance, from L. temperatura a tempering, moderation, from temperatus, pp. of temperare to moderate (see TEMPER (Cf. temper)). Sense of degree of heat or cold first recorded 1670… …   Etymology dictionary

  • temperature — Temperature, Temperatura ferri, Quand une chose est trop aigre, et que par mistion de choses contraires on luy oste une partie de l aigreur. Faire egale temperature, Temperamentum aequare …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • temperature — ► NOUN 1) the degree or intensity of heat present in a substance or object. 2) informal a body temperature above the normal. 3) the degree of excitement or tension present in a situation or discussion. ORIGIN originally in the sense the state of… …   English terms dictionary

  • temperature A — (на шине) – температурный режим, показатель характеризующий способность шины противостоять температурным воздействиям, подразделяется на три категории А, В и С; А – наилучший. EdwART. Словарь автомобильного жаргона, 2009 …   Автомобильный словарь

  • temperature — [n] hotness, coldness of some degree body heat, calefaction, climate, cold, condition, degrees, febricity, feverishness, heat, incalescence, pyrexia, thermal reading, warmth; concept 610 …   New thesaurus

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